of which does not exceed 1,850 tons and with a gun not above 5.1 inch caliber", as published in Ship’s Data for U.S. (DD-15) Whipple 16. [63] The Kidd-class was based on the Spruance class, but designed as more advanced multi-purpose ships with a significant SAM armament, intended for the Iranian Navy. (DD-7) Hull 8. [2] By 1945, as the threat from kamikazes increased and the threat from the Japanese surface fleet decreased, torpedoes and guns were partially (or completely in the case of torpedoes on some ships) removed from most US destroyers in favor of light anti-aircraft guns. Born from the ashes of Pearl Harbor, the United States Navy became a force to be reckoned with in the Second World War. Badly damaged during an air attack on 29 July 1944, shortly before the ship was planned to be commissioned. United States. Haze Gray and Underway by Andrew Toppan ; NavSource Photo Archives by Paul Yarnall -- huge collection! [64], The USS Arleigh Burke, the lead ship of the Arleigh Burke class, was the first destroyer named after a living person—World War II Admiral Arleigh Burke. [2] The London Naval Treaty, a 1930 agreement between the same parties (except France), established total destroyer tonnage limits for the navies. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 The Arleigh Burke class was designed with an all-new hull form, incorporating much of the Spruance class (DD 963) destroyer propulsion and machinery plant, and the integrated Aegis Weapons System (AWS) proven on the Kidd class (DD 993) destroyers and installed on the larger Ticonderoga class cruisers. [3] The 1000 tonners were the Cassin through Sampson classes, and were also called "broken deckers", due to their high forecastles. (D… The United States kept pace with other naval powers in terms of battleship design heading into World War 2. USN Destroyer development passed through a long eclipse: Basically after the mass cancellations of November 1918 and the end of the war, WW1 USN destroyers of the Caldwell, Wickes andClemsonclasses, the famous “four pipers” made the bulk of the USN destroyer force, which had been reduced compared to other nation’s efforts, in comparison to battleships. 07/26/06. The first automotive torpedo was developed in 1866, and the torpedo boat was developed soon after. [69] The first was commissioned in 2016 and the last is scheduled to be commissioned in 2019. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 05:14. The 31 Spruance-class ships began service in September 1975 through the 1990s, when 24 members of the class were upgraded with vertical launching systems, and the last was decommissioned in 2005. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of 1945. (DD-3) Chauncey 4. [31], In 1922, the Washington Naval Treaty was signed by the United States, the British Empire, the Empire of Japan, France, and Italy. As built, they also had four stacks, which gave rise to the nicknames "four stackers" or "four pipers". [65][67][68] The Arleigh Burke class became the U.S. Navy's only active destroyer class when the last member of the Spruance class was decommissioned in 2005.[63]. [2] The subsequent Smith and Paulding classes displaced 740 short tons (670 t), the reason these classes were nicknamed "flivvers" (lightweights, after the Model T Ford). (DD-13) Stewart 14. The former carried over a system consisting of a type letter, eg S (search radar), and a model letter: thus SC is the third US search radar; and SC … A special class of guided missile destroyers was produced for the Shah of Iran, but due to the Iranian Revolution these ships could not be delivered and were added to the U.S. Navy. [31] A typical flush deck destroyer had a normal crew of 105 officers and men, and was armed with four 4-inch deck guns, one 3-inch anti-aircraft gun, 12 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, two stern-mounted depth charge racks, along with .50-caliber machine guns and small arms. This is a list of destroyers of the Second World War.. [3], Prior to entering World War I in 1917, the United States began producing destroyers to a new design with a continuous sheer strake, collectively referred to as "flush deckers". Passenger lists for nonenlisted personnel are also included. Most remaining in US service were rearmed with varying numbers of 3 inch dual purpose guns. Sunk by aircraft 8 March 1944, Transferred to the Soviet Union as war reparations, 31 January 1950, scrapped and converted to breakwater 1948, to Poland 3 May 1940, paid off 24 September 1946, Sold 29 June 1972 and broken up for scrap, decommissioned 15 May 1946; scrapped 2 April 1970, beached and capsized under attack 10 April 1940, transfer to Argentina 1961, scrapped 1982, constructive loss 28 November 1942, scrapped 25 August 1945, decommissioned 1964, museum ship at Baton Rouge, LA, Decommissioned: 4 March 1957, scrapped 1972, decommissioned 1975, memorial at Charleston, SC, constructive loss and scrapped April 1942, to Canada October 1942, to USSR 16 July 1944, to Norway February 1942, to Canada July 1942 - Dec 1943, Captured by Italians in 1941, sunk or stranded off the Tunisian coast on 1 April 1943, paid off 19 October 1945, scrapped February 1948, constructive loss 12 October 1944, scrapped 1948, to Japan 1954, to Taiwan 1970, scrapped 1980, Decommissioned 13 January 1954, scrapped 1975, Sold to the Turkish Navy on 29 June 1959, renamed, built and launched during war, paid off 31 March 1964, Sold to Turkish Navy on 27 April 1959, renamed, Sunk in Battle of Blackett Strait, 5 March 1943, Disposed of, sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping, paid off 22 October 1945, sold for scrap 1955, Sold 16 August 1973 and broken up for scrap, paid off 17 October 1945, sold for scrap 1955, built and launched during war, paid off 6 February 1964, paid off October 1945, sold for scrap 1958, constructive loss, scuttled 16 April 1943, to Poland October 1940, to UK August 1946, scrapped 1955, Strangest vessel of the war? [2] The threat a small, fast, torpedo–delivering ship could pose to the battle line became clear to navies around the world; giving birth to the torpedo boat, including USS Cushing of the United States Navy. Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas Fleet Adm. C. W. Nimitz (3) Deputy Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas Vice Admiral J. H. Towers (15) Chief of Joint Staff Vice Admiral C. H. McMorris (107) BB 38 PENNSYLVANIA (Flagship) Captain C. F. Martin (427) [3] The first torpedo boat destroyers, the Bainbridge class, featured two torpedo tubes and two 3-inch (76 mm) guns, displacing 400 short tons (360 t). [57] Collectively, these destroyer designs are sometimes regarded as the most successful of World War II. [33] However, it was very difficult to successfully attack a U-boat with World War I technology, and US anti-submarine forces only scored two kills in that war. Repeat 1500 tonners built by Bethlehem Steel. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Listed by class, with descriptions and links to individual ship pages. During World War II, the US Navy deployed two major radar series: search sets (BuShips) and fire control systems (BuOrd). NOTES * Holland, although technically a submersible torpedo boat, was the first of some 500 or so diesel-electric boats commonly referred to as "submarines." www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2006. Towed to harbour, cut into two, rebuilt, and each half was re-commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS, to Taiwan 1955, damaged and struck 1969, destroyed for motion picture 1976, to Canada September 1942, paid off 10 December 1943, scrapped 1944, Decommissioned 16 March 1946, scrapped 1972, to Norway 14 April 1941, to USSR 16 July 1944, scrapped 1949, scuttled 2 March 1942, raised by IJN and recommissioned September 1943, Ran aground and was scuttled 15 February 1942, Decommissioned December 1963, Scrapped 22 October 1975, ceded to UK, then to France February 1946 and renamed, Ceded to UK, then to France February 1946, renamed. (DD-9) Macdonough 10. The List of ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. [56] Destroyers had acquired the hazardous radar picket mission by this time. The Battle class DD's served the UK and her allies long and well and represent the zenith of WW II British destroyer design. List of United States Navy destroyer leaders, United States Navy 1975 ship reclassification, "Wickes- and Clemson-class flush-deck destroyers", "Goldplaters, 1500-ton destroyers, and 1850-ton destroyer leaders", "Farragut-class destroyers in World War II", "Porter-class destroyer leaders in World War II", "USS Dunlap (DD 384), Mahan (Dunlap)-class destroyer", "Gridley-class destroyers in World War II", "Bagley-class destroyers in World War II", "Benham-class destroyers in World War II", "Benson-class, Gleaves-class, Livermore-class, and Bristol-class destroyers in World War II", "Gleaves-class destroyers in World War II", "Benson-class destroyers in World War II", "Fletcher-class destroyers in World War II", "Allen M. Sumner-class destroyers in World War II", "USS Henley (DD-762), Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer in World War II", "Gearing-class destroyers in World War II", "US Navy "Frigates" 1950-1975 in the cold war", "US Navy post–World War II gun destroyers", "Spruance-class guided missile destroyers", "Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers", "General Characteristics, Arleigh Burke class", "Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers Flights I and II", "Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers Flights IIA", "Navy Requires $450 Million More to Complete Zumwalt-Class Due to Shipyard Performance", "Farragut-class and Coontz-class frigates in the cold war", "Charles F. Adams-class guided missile destroyers in the cold war", "Contractors Agree on Deal to Build Stealth Destroyer", "The National Association of Destroyer Veterans", "Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships", House Armed Services Subcommittee on Seapower and Projection Forces, Naval Forces Europe – Naval Forces Africa, Naval Facilities Engineering Systems Command, Naval Information Warfare Systems Command, Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command, Naval Aviation Warfighting Development Center, United States Armed Forces School of Music, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, United States battleship retirement debate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_destroyer_classes_of_the_United_States_Navy&oldid=968415688, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [2] However, none were equipped with torpedoes comparable to the (then unknown) Type 93 torpedoes ("Long Lance torpedo"[54]) of the Imperial Japanese Navy, and only destroyer leaders had more than four main guns—inferior to the six guns on a Japanese Fubuki-class destroyer (the first 24 ships of the Benson/Gleaves class were built with five guns, but excessive topweight led to one being removed).[2]. [2], The U.S. Navy resumed destroyer construction in 1932 with the Farragut class. A complete list of all US Navy Aircraft Carriers, by type and class, in commission during WWII. Click on headers to sort column alphabetically. Destroyers quickly acquired the anti-submarine warfare mission against U-boats in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, being equipped with depth charge racks, hydrophones, and eventually Y-gun depth charge throwers. (DD-20) Flusser 3. [39] The armament of the Farragut and Mahan class destroyers initially included five 5 inch dual purpose guns, a number later reduced to four due to stability problems and a desire for a larger torpedo armament. [31] On 8 September 1923, seven of the ships ran aground off the coast of California in the U.S. Navy's worst ever peacetime disaster. The 1500-ton destroyers built in the 1930s under the treaties had stability problems that limited expansion of their armament in World War II. (DD-5) Decatur 6. (DD-6) Hopkins 7. These grew out of the last all-gun destroyers of the 1950s. (DD-23) Drayton 6. You may not use more than a few lines without permission. All US Navy Destroyer Escorts of World War II. Scrapped incomplete. Other "flush deckers" were converted as high speed transports (APD), minesweepers (DMS), seaplane tenders (AVD), and other roles, while some were retained as destroyers. Pages in category "World War II naval ships of the United States" The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. (DD-1) Bainbridge 2. [62] The following Charles F. Adams class added a short-range SAM launcher on an enlarged hull and were classified as DDGs. destroyed 7 December 1941 but "rebuilt," scrapped 1948, decommissioned 1960, museum ship at Boston, MA, built and launched during the war, paid off 27 February 1964, to Canada November 1942, to USSR July 1944 as, delivered to Canada January 1945, scrapped 1971, Captured by Germany September 1943. [2][31], While the flush-deckers' freeboard fore and aft were designed to match preceding classes, the new ships differed in other respects. [63] The Spruance-class destroyers were the first ships in the United States Navy powered with gas turbines—four marine turboshaft (jet-type) engines driving two shafts with reversible-pitch propellers. The Naval Vessel Register (NVR)-- includes all US Navy ships and service craft The U.S. Known as "broken deckers" for their high forecastles, or "1000  tonners" because of their weight. Battleships 77 Alfred (formerly the Black Prince). [2] With the introduction of the dual purpose main guns, destroyers acquired an anti-aircraft mission. (DD-17) Smith 18. [39], The Gleaves and Benson classes were similar in design to the Sims class, but had two stacks and a "split" or echeloned powerplant for extra endurance against torpedo attacks. [3] By the time the United States entered World War I, destroyers displaced 1,000 short tons (910 t) and burned oil instead of coal. The first U.S. Navy destroyer class unconstrained by treaty limitations. (DD-16) Worden 17. No original artworks are included in this collection. Click on photo for larger view. Auxiliary Ships 63 Anderson (DD411). [2] These "1000 tonners" were armed with eight to twelve torpedo tubes, four 4-inch (102 mm)/50 caliber guns; and had a complement of approximately 100 officers and men. (DD-11) Perry 12. [55] became the U.S. Navy's signature destroyer in the Pacific War. *** About 20 steel ships, converted to gunboats, were bought by the Navy in 1898 because of the war with Spain. Index: Pictures of United States Navy Ships 1775-1941 DestroyersNote: This Select List describes photographs and photographs of artworks or models. [2] The new, higher limits rendered the existing flush-deckers obsolete, and the General Board soon moved to replace them. This Select List describes photographs and photographs of artworks or models of ships that depict types of ships used by the Navy … Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 DD -- Destroyers First United States Navy ship to use gas turbines. Known as "flivvers" for their light weight of 740 tons. [2] The treaty called for a freeze in the size and composition of the world's major navies, including the U.S. Navy, which ceased production of large capital ships and destroyers. (DD-8) Lawrence 9. [2] The “total completed tonnage not to be exceeded on December 31, 1936” was 150,000 S.D., but “not more than 16% of the allowed tonnage... shall be employed in vessels over 1,500 tons S.D.”. During World War II, the United States began building larger 2100-ton destroyers with five-gun main batteries, but without stability problems. In 1864, US Navy Lt. William B. Cushing sank the ironclad CSS Albemarle using a \"spar torpedo\"—an explosive device mounted on a long pole and detonated underwater. World War II Ships Battleships and Battlecruisers These ships of the line were still considered the central components of the navies of all world powers at the start of the war, but by the war's end, these floating fortresses found their roles dramatically changed at the face of air power. On 4 May 1898, the US Congress authorized the first sixteen torpedo boat destroyers and twelve seagoing torpedo boats for the United States Navy.[1]. [62], The Spruance class was designed to serve as all-weather anti-submarine escorts for aircraft carrier task forces, as their anti-air missile complement was only sufficient for point defense. Port bow. Ships are designated to the country under which they operated for the longest period of the Second World War, regardless of where they were built or previous service history. Known as "broken deckers" for their high forecastles, or "1000 tonners" because of their weight. Including research, the program costs reached $22.5 billion for the three ships. Hopkins (DD6). The List of ships of the Second World … decommissioned 21 August 1944, scrapped in 1951. taken by France after war, scrapped in 1958. taken by Britain after war, given to US, scuttled 16 December 1946, taken by USA after war, scuttled 26 March 1946, scuttled 24 August 1944, scrapped in 1949. taken by Britain after war, scrapped between 1949 and 1950. taken by Britain after war, scrapped in 1964.