Call these forms of distilled alcohol either liquor, hard liquor, spirits or hard alcohol. When people taste and smell gin, the juniper berry is the most prominent aroma and flavor. But most of the time, it’s because caramel or molasses has been added to dye the liquid. Whisk(e)y is easily the most confusing spirit on this list. The more pissed-off the customer got, the better! In chemistry, an alcohol exists when a hydroxy group, a pair of oxygen and hydrogen atoms, replaces the hydrogen atom in a hydrocarbon. You will need an on-license liquor license if the liquor you sell is intended to be consumed on the premises of your business – for example, a bar or restaurant. In fact, some are packed with flavor! It must be made from a mash with no less than 51% of the blue agave plant. Hard liquor is used in North America, and India, to distinguish distilled drinks from undistilled ones, and to suggest that undistilled are implicitly weaker. For example, Johnnie Walker, the largest liquor brand in the world, contributed $5.3 Billion to Diageo in 2014. But my favorite one involves ghosts and I think it’s the most accurate. Conclusion. Fill in the gaps in your liquor cabinet with the varieties of hard alcohol we talked about above. But to be honest, I don’t really know why! Like I mentioned earlier, the wooden barrels impart flavor, texture, and aromas into the liquid. Spirits are distilled alcohol, meaning that the fermented beverage is heated to evaporate the alcohol, which is then condensed into the distilled spirit. Due to high volume, orders are taking 7-10 business days to leave our facility. The main differences between these styles of whiskeys are their country of origin, the type of cereal grain used, and the ageing (maturation) process. Like I said, even the spelling is different…. Caramel may also be added, but some of its color will come from the barrel it’s aged in. Any of these names will suffice for the six general types of liquor. Bourbon is the second powerhouse in the whiskey world and it’s made in America. A liqueur was a sweetened liquor that had been flavored with various fruits. And as far as this article is concerned, they’re used interchangeably. What the hell does that mean? There are a whole host of other liquors/spirits that get used behind more sophisticated bars. For example, Canada makes some good ones. For example, Hendricks is a high-quality gin that doesn’t fall under the ‘London Dry Gin’ classification. But hopefully now, everything makes a lot more sense and you won’t make the same kind of mistakes I did in my early days. LOVE NIGHTLIFE BARTENDERS – WANT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT BARTENDING? The majority of the time, full-bodied dark rums are darker in color because they have been well-aged in the barrel. The name says it all, American rye whiskey comes from America and it’s primarily made from the cereal grain rye. Among the 7 most commonly used spirits, tequila is easily the most underrated. White rum, medium-bodied dark rum, full-bodied dark rum, and spiced rum. The rules for bourbon help distinguish it from scotch and whiskey, but whichever you choose to drink comes down to preference. Clean, smooth, and easy to drink. Spirits…? Brandy liquor or brandywine is a beverage that is a fine combination of grain distillation, used to make most liquors, and fermented grapes used to make wine What Is Brandy Liquor Liquors, such as scotch or bourbon, are made from grains and distilled. Ha, yes! In the most straightforward terms, liqueur is liquor with added sweeteners and flavors. Beer, wine, cider, sake and huangjiu are examples of fermented drinks. Young girl comes up and strangely orders 3 Grolsh Lager. From Eastern Africa Oromia ! Like other spirits, tequila comes in many varieties depending on the aging process it undergoes. Otherwise, they’re just flavored liquors. They were initially stored and served in clay pots. Blanco is aged for less than 60 days and is white in color. By removing the water, the alcohol in the liquid becomes much more concentrated. Irish whiskey comes from Ireland and it can be made from malted and unmalted barley. But recently, it’s become even more trendy. Types of Hard Liquor. Read our spirits guide now! Joven (means young in Spanish), or gold tequila, is similar to blanco tequila in that it isn’t really aged. Aging in wooden barrels can develop a liquor’s color and flavor over time, though not every spirit goes through this process. There are no ‘legal requirements’ for Irish whiskey to be ‘cleaner’ than Scotch, so we’re bound to see new styles of Irish whiskey hit the market very soon. The sweeter spirit comes in many varieties, including: Different aging processes create different types of rum. You will find rum distilleries worldwide, but the liquor has origins in the Caribbean. People assume that because they drank cheap tequila shooters when they were in college or at uni, that all tequila is cheap and of poor quality. “Emmm, that one behind you, with the gold bits…”. Im a 1styear Hrm student. And that’s what this article is about. Wine has been consumed in its various forms for thousands of years. And he was kind enough to teach me some of the basics on the different types of liquor. For scotch to be called scotch, it MUST come from Scotland and the whisky must also be aged/matured in wooden barrels in Scotland for a minimum of three years. Liquor and liqueurs are often confused with each other because they have similar spelling, they’re both used in cocktails, and they both go through the distillation process to become what they are. **Note** There are other rye whiskeys out there. Fast-track your career with our official bartender’s Guide ‘The Bartender’s Field Manual’. The Three Types of Alcohol However, the Irish whiskey landscape is changing and quite a few new distilleries have opened up in recent years. Brandy is generally aged in wooden barrels to give the spirit flavor, texture, and aroma. The clear liquor is a worldwide favorite, and usually ranges from 35 to 40% alcohol content. What matters for a liqueur to be called a liqueur is that it has been sweetened in some way. What’s a Cordial then? Types of Liquor License Permits in Ohio Questions about the law regarding liquor license permits in Ohio? The distinctive taste of the drink is achieved after it is fermented in charred white oak wood. So stick around, read our guides, and check out the recipes, there’s a lot to learn so you might as well start now ;-). You can adjust the non-alcoholic ingredients to your preference if you prefer a weaker or stronger drink. Anejo must be aged for a minimum of 1 year (often more) and is gold in color. Japanese whisky has also become extremely popular in recent years, but it’s not there yet. Unlike brandy, vodka does not typically age, and the color remains clear. We show you how to land your first bartending, craft amazing cocktails, make more money and travel the world long-term as a bartender. That being said, it’s hard to pick up these subtleties even when you’re drinking vodka straight. Liquor vs Liqueurs? Many people use Champagne as a general term for sparkling wine, but in the European Union and select countries around the world, it is actually forbidden to mark any types of Champagne as ‘Champagne’ unless it comes from the French wine-growing region of the same name, and is produced according to the rules of … Therefore, let’s see for ourselves pictures of different types of liquor glasses. Whisk(e)y is different to vodka because whisk(e)y is aged/matured in wooden barrels for a period of time after distillation. But vodka does have, That being said, it’s hard to pick up these subtleties even when you’re drinking vodka straight. Fortification basically means that the wine has been strengthened (or fortified) in terms of alcohol content, by adding a liquor to it. Bottles of spirits will tell you on the label the alcohol content in percentages and proof. Before diving in, you may find these terms helpful. Full-bodied dark rums are generally darker than medium-bodied rums. Some examples of the more common types of liqueurs you’re likely to use are, Triple-sec, Sambucca, Creme de Cacao, Pastis, Amaro, Chartreuse, Drambuie, Amaretto (or as some people like to call it, hamhareaaaatto). But over time, those differences disappeared and now these terms are used interchangeably. Scotch and whisky come from Scotland, while bourbon is American-made. So we’re going to take a look at each of these spirits in detail, what makes them different, and clear up any of the confusing terminology surrounding them. So we’re waiting to see what they come up with. The regulations for each type of liquor license varies, so you should contact the Department of Revenue, which will ensure you apply for the appropriate license for your business or event. In America, and in some of the older cocktail books, you might come across the word cordial. Here are some favorite gin mixed drinks. Indulging in the trading of liquor without obtaining liquor license is counted as a legal offence. #SpoonTip: A standard serving of rum is 1.5 oz. And because the alcoholic vapor extracted from the distillation process looked a lot like spirits (or ghosts), liquor was considered ‘a gift from the gods’ and was hence named spirits. For now, let’s see what types of liquor are out there. Now that you know more about the different kinds of liquor, you’ll want to understand the difference between liquor and liqueur. Needless to say she was pissed when she got the bill, yelling that at a sports bar, there was no way Grey Goose was “well”…. Like rum, tequila is aged in a warm climate, so it matures much quicker in the barrel. Vermouth is a fortified, aromatized wine. So bourbon is considered to be sweeter and more smooth than scotch. There are some great quality gins out there that don’t fall under the ‘London Dry Gin’ classification. And of all the liquors in the world, vodka is the most ‘. Spirits, wine and beer are the three major types of alcoholic beverages, each of which come in many varieties. There are several brands of vodka that are also flavored but not sweetened. America employs strict laws when it comes to making and labeling whiskey. Pisco, cachaca rum, mezcal, grappa, absinthe, and ouzo are all great examples. This last characteristic is what separates wines and beers from the so-called hard liquors … Unlike other spirits made in distilleries worldwide, tequila must come from specific locations in Mexico to have the label “tequila.” The hard liquor is also among the most potent of the types of spirits, having an average alcohol percentage of 55. You will find vodkas with alcohol contents ranging from 40 to 50%. The other style of vermouth is called dry (or French) vermouth. As one of the most popular types of hard liquor today, vodka can be a key ingredient in almost any drink. Gin just seems to be the ‘in’ spirit right now. The ingredients and other rules also play a role in naming. As the base of countless cocktails, liquor serves as an essential addition to almost every mixed drink. And I didn’t realize how wrong I was until I tried to give a bourbon drinker scotch instead. The first is fortification and the second is aromatisation. If you’re new to the world of spirits and cocktails, the list below may seem overwhelming. If you don’t know what fermentation or distillation is, that probably sounds like nonsense to you. Thank you For zs info again go on head ! Some are peppery, some are creamy, and others have hints of citrus or grain. Feel free to explore flavor-infused options as you begin trying out different spirits! So rather than go through an exhaustive list of spirits you’re likely never to use (or see), we’re going to focus on the most important. Mixto tequila is not necessarily ‘bad-quality,’ but its production isn’t given anywhere near the same quality of care as the 100% Blue Agave Tequila. Some of the most common types of liquor include rum, vodka, gin, spirits etc. Rum is a spirit distilled from sugarcane or molasses (thick dark brown juice obtained from raw sugar, most rums are made from molasses). The spirit’s roots make it an appropriate choice for tropical and summertime drinks. In conclusion, the differences in license types applies to, trading hours and the yearly renewal fees. “Scotch makers age their whisk(e)y in used wooden barrels that have previously held bourbon or sherry.”, Is “bourbon” a typo for scotch? The most widely used style of gin is London Dry Gin and it’s considered to be the best quality. Because of that, scotch is accompanied with an age statement (i.e. And to be honest, there are a lot of them. A specific type of license is therefore required for each situation or premises. There are 4 types of rum that you’ll work with behind the bar. The liquor ages in wood barrels, typically oak, and develops an almost burnt taste in addition to the wine-like profile. Because we’re about to deconstruct their complexities. The longer a tequila ages, the more likely it will be to have a higher price. And in most cases, they are! Johnny Walker, Glenfiddich, Glenmorangie, Laphroaig (peaty), and Chivas Regal are all popular brands of scotch you’re likely to see behind the bar. It really help me a lot knowing the types of liqour. Unlike in Scotland & Ireland, where whiskey is made primarily from the same grain, American whiskeys are often made from a mix of different grains (known as a mash). Whiskey is a broad category of liquor and can have lots of differences in color, taste and smell. You will need an off-license if the liquor you sell is intended to be consumed off the premises – for example, a liquor … There are 2 styles of vermouth that you need to know about. Now that you know some of the basics, let’s explore the world of spirits! If you’ve previously only been a beer or wine drinker and you’re nervous about the higher alcohol content in liquor, don’t worry. Unlike scotch and Irish whiskey, bourbon is primarily made from Corn. The aging process of whiskey stops once it is bottled from the casks. The first is. Rather than put you through the same kind of misery I went through when I first started, I want to clear things up from the beginning. These secondary alcohols are the three types of alcohol that humans use every day: methanol, isopropanol, and ethanol. The width of the paths between the brands, companies, and liquors are scaled to revenue. And by the time it’s gone through fortification and aromatisation, the beverage barely resembles the original wine. Photo provided by The Pig. And every single one of these countries have different laws & requirements for a spirit to be called/labeled whisk(e)y. Thanks so much for the great, intoxicating knowledge , My first server job at 18. Most liqueurs range between 15% and 55% alcohol by volume. Appleton Estate 12 years and Diplomatico are both great examples of solid full-bodied dark rums. While any variety of tequila can stand on its own in a shot, blanco or reposado variations usually appear in cocktails such as the following. Browse our extensive selection of liquors, and when you’ve decided what you need, order online for quick in-store pickup. These are the best quality runs among the 4 different types listed here. Brandy also has a higher alcohol content than wine — usually between 35 and 60%. So first things first, liquor is a distilled alcoholic beverage and it is made by distilling anything that’s been fermented. She looks very confused. Unlike in Scotland & Ireland, where whiskey is made primarily from the same grain, American whiskeys are often made from a mix of different grains (known as a mash). As the name suggests, this style originated in France and they’re dry (not sweet). ... Liqueur, not to be confused with liquor, is a type of sweet alcoholic drink made from flowers, nuts, spices, herbs and … Rittenhouse and Sazerac rye whiskeys are some of the best American Rye Whiskey brands you’ll work with behind the bar. But eventually, things started to make sense. For gin to be gin, it needs to be a spirit that’s distilled from grains or malt, and it. And the better quality (and more expensive) whiskeys these distilleries release will spend a lot longer maturing in the barrel than that. However, the flavoring and the ABV aren’t strict requirements. Extra-anejo is considered the best quality tequila, they must be aged for a minimum of 3 years, and once again, they’re gold in color. Before we get to the different types of liquor, it’s important that you understand the differences between the main terms. We have described various types of liquor glasses, but that is not enough to make you differentiate one from the other. MATERIAL CONNECTION DISCLOSURE: You should assume that this website has an affiliate relationship and/or another material connection to the persons or businesses mentioned in or linked to from this page and may receive commissions from purchases you make on subsequent web sites. And it’s exactly what you would expect it to be. Scotch is the first powerhouse among the different styles of whisky. There are a few stories of how the name ‘spirits’ came to be and they’re all quite interesting. You may also see the term “cordial” in cocktail recipes. For bourbon to be called bourbon, it must be made from a minimum of 51% corn in the mash. Obviously, that’s only if you’re judging the spirit by its age statement. Rum isn't a popular liquor among student, but it should be (for its fabulous health benefits, duh). Essentially, it’s young coal and it’s what gives some scotches their unique smokey characteristic. We mentioned recipes above that include a splash of various liqueurs, but what is the ingredient? Despite its herbal flavor, most people do not consume gin straight, as you may with other spirits. The herbal and pine-like aroma of gin comes from the inclusion of botanical ingredients like juniper berries. Secondly, whisk(e)y is made all around the world. Before it get’s bottled at around 40%. The law gets involved, companies employ different marketing tactics, and everyone’s got an opinion…. Required fields are marked *. Amazing! And when you think about it, it’s not that odd. You see, Irish whiskey MUST spend a minimum of 3 years in wooden barrels before it can be called whiskey. Opps, Your email address will not be published. The typical alcohol content sits at 40%, though over-proof varieties can get as high as 75%. Even the spelling gets a lot of people caught up! The majority of the time, Scotch makers age their whisk(e)y in used wooden barrels that have previously held bourbon or sherry. Each version of this neglected liquor has their own unique flavor, aroma, and body that effects what it should be mixed with and how customers should drink it. Sometimes, cordials are even sweeter and used in dessert drinks, and sometimes they contain no alcohol. Gin just seems to be the ‘in’ spirit right now. 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